Has that country allocated any of the EM spectrum toward the technology?
To my knowledge, Nigeria has not allocated a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (EM) for radio frequency identification. Companies looking to employ RFID systems within that nation are required to submit an application for public spectrum at Nigeria's Ministry of Information and Communications. I'm told the process is relatively simple. Prospective end-users must purchase an application form at a cost of US$20, which they must then complete and submit to the Ministry, along with documents describing the technical characteristics of the equipment to be utilized, as well as corporate information. Licenses are usually granted for one year, and can be renewed.
In 2010, Nigeria's National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) approved the use of an RFID system to authenticate pharmaceutical products to combat counterfeiters, as well as protect the safety and quality of medications sold in that country. The agency, at the time, indicated that it intends to require all Nigerian pharmacies to adopt the system once a large percentage of the nation's drugs are tagged. The solution employs technology developed by Verayo, a manufacturer of what are described as unclonable RFID chips, and readers made by SkyeTek (see Nigerian Drug Agency Opts for RFID Anticounterfeiting Technology).
—Mark Roberti, Founder and Editor, RFID Journal