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Moscow Boosts Public Vehicle Efficiency With Internet of Things Technology
The Department of Information Technologies' IoT system is tracking the locations and status of 22,000 vehicles throughout the Russian city, to automate dispatching and thereby reduce fuel overconsumption; next, it plans to examine the possibility of tracking vehicle driver activity via wristbands or brain-wave sensors.
Mar 16, 2018—
The Moscow Government's Department of Information Technologies (DIT) is automating the dispatching and management of 22,000 municipal vehicles throughout the city, with the help of Internet of Things (IoT) technology. The system, which employs onboard sensors using satellite location and cellular transmission, has reduced the rate of vehicle breakdowns to almost zero, the city reports, and has saved the city budget approximately $162,000 monthly by reducing fuel consumption. That cost is equivalent to buying two new snow plows every month. The system was taken live this year, following several years of planning and testing.
The solution tracks the locations and movements of everything from street sweepers and snow plows to garbage trucks and water carts. In this way, the technology captures data required to understand speed, fuel consumption and how each vehicle is being operated.
The DIT has been developing technology-based solutions for the city throughout the past six years. It launches about 300 new projects annually, aimed at providing such services as electronic medical records, city-wide Wi-Fi and telemetrics for housing and public amenities.
"The initial idea behind the project was to automate the process [of vehicle dispatching] to the greatest extent possible," Belozerov says. The department wanted to know how each vehicle was operating (its fuel use and engine temperature, for instance), as well as how much work a given vehicle and driver could accomplish within a single day.
Historically, the city has hired several dozen private companies to provide street-sweeping, snow-plowing and waste-collection services. In 2013, the DIT first began installing IoT technology to better understand those vehicles' movements. Companies were asked to install Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) technology—a satellite-based navigation technology similar to GPS—on all of their vehicles, as well as on some specialized equipment used for Moscow city services.
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