Why Can’t Chipless RFID Tags Convey a Serial Number?

By RFID Journal

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Ask The ExpertsWhy Can’t Chipless RFID Tags Convey a Serial Number?
RFID Journal Staff asked 12 years ago
If chipless RFID tags made with conductive polymers or inks can convey some information, why can’t they also convey a serial number like a silicon chip-based tag?

—David, Troy, Ohio

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David,

A chipless RFID tag can convey a serial number, though it does not usually use conductive inks or polymers. Instead, such tags use RF-resonant materials in the inks. So, for instance, if you have 20 types of resonant materials, and you label each one with a number from 1 to 20, you can create serial numbers. If a reader emits RF energy and gets a signal back from materials 1,3, 5, 7 and 9, you can use software to convert that to serial number 13579.

The limitation is the number of resonant materials that can accurately be detected. If there is only a limited number than you can detect, and I’m told there is, then you can only create a small number of unique IDs. With a 256-bit number stored on a microchip, however, you can create a sufficient number of unique IDs to have one for every manufactured item on the planet.

—Mark Roberti, Editor, RFID Journal

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