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Ten Million Egyptian Cars to be Tracked via RFID

The country's Ministry of Interior is deploying an RFID solution from Go+, using technology from Kathrein Solutions in cooperation with Wireless Dynamics, to track the nation's registered vehicles as they travel highways and city roads, thereby providing traffic flow- and law-enforcement-based data.
By Claire Swedberg

The solution consists of multi-lane highways on which vehicles free-flow at high speeds, as well as areas in which cars may slow or stop. "It will be quite a mixture," Schnebinger states. Kathrein ARU 3500 readers with integrated antenna are installed with automated number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras, as well as Go+'s solution with solar-power panels to energize the readers and cameras. Typically, two antennas are deployed with each reader.

The vehicle tags come with NXP UCDE DNA chips that support up to two 128-bit AES authentication keys. Cryptographic keys can be used for tag authentication, as well as for privacy protection. "The government chose the highest possible security level, based on NXP's UCODE DNA IC," Schnebinger states. Although the use of a secure transmission takes longer than a standard EPC RFID tag read, he notes, "With our setup, we ensured a constantly reliable reading performance."

Christian Schnebinger
According to Schnebinger, the tags can accomplish reads at highway speeds. "During our internal tests at Sachensing Race Circuit," he says, "we have achieved reliable readings at a maximum speed of 220 kilometers per hour for a 4-wheeler, and approximately 240 kilometers per hour for motorcycles," while using the full 128-bit AES encryption, TAM2 (see RFID Breaks Speed Records for Tolling Solution). "The reading distance of the tags is 15 to 20 meters," he adds, "depending on the surrounding conditions."

The deployment is rolling out in multiple phases, with the first phase aimed at tagging 10 million of the nation's vehicles. To date, around five million tags have been deployed and are being tracked on Egypt's roadways. The tags are attached to each vehicle and are commissioned as an operator brings it in for vehicle registration or renewal.

During the electronic vehicle registration process, Go+'s staff or agency officials check the tag's location for each vehicle, then apply the transponder accordingly. There are three areas on the windshield at which tags can be applied, depending on whether the cars have metalized windows or heating systems. The tag's unique ID number is entered into the Go+ software and is linked to the vehicle's information. The system then forwards that data to the MOI database.

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