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PINC Brings RFID, Optic Sensor Drones Indoors With Fuel Cells

The company is partnering with Intelligent Energy to power its new indoor drones with fuel cells, thereby ensuring a longer operational time before refueling.
By Claire Swedberg
May 12, 2017

PINC, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology company, has begun powering its drones with air-cooled fuel-cell systems provided by Intelligent Energy as an alternative to batteries, in order to offer lower-weight, longer-flight-time solutions that have less impact on the environment. The fuel cells will help enable the use of drones indoors to track inventory and other details about products in the tight quarters of a warehouse.

Since 2004, PINC has been providing real-time location and yard-management solutions. In 2014, the firm introduced cycle-counting drones (also known as aerial robots) that fly through an area, such as a vehicle or trailer yard in manufacturing plants and distribution centers, and use ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification technology to capture tag reads and confirm the location of inventory based on those reads. The company provides an automated way to collect inventory data on a daily basis. PINC often offers the solution with other technology as well, such as optic functionality to capture images or video of the conditions of vehicles, trailers and containers.

PINC's Matt Yearling
The company considered itself a tool for outdoor yard management only, says Matt Yearling, PINC's president and CEO, but customers had expressed a growing need for solutions at their facilities. "Some of our customers had said they were having issues [with inventory tracking] indoors," he says.

These customers tend to be large businesses with potentially a million square feet of indoor space. Companies found that inventory accuracy indoors was not always as accurate as they believed it to be. "We looked around," he states. "We thought the warehouse-management system players would have been addressing these problems." However, he says, customers found no such solution. PINC is now delivering its solution indoors as well, with autonomous drones specially designed to locate and count inventory for use inside buildings.

But the use of indoor drones raises complexities, Yearling notes. They must be able to operate autonomously. They need to be small and nimble enough to navigate narrow aisles without requiring battery recharges several times before completing a single inventory check. However, smaller drones with smaller frames cannot carry as many batteries, and because indoor use requires more computing requirements, they consume even more energy than the outdoor versions.

For that reason, PINC has launched its partnership with Intelligent Energy to build fuel cells into its drones. Fuel cells enabled the drones to operate significantly longer than they would with a standard rechargeable battery. What's more, Yearling says, they are quiet and only produce water vapor as a waste product.

Fuel cells combine oxygen with hydrogen to trigger a chemical reaction that creates energy, explains Julian Hughes, Intelligent Energy's senior VP. While a battery stores energy, the fuel cell produces power until it exhausts its supply of hydrogen, at which time it must be refueled. The refueling process, Hughes says, typically takes just a few minutes.

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