Is the United States utilizing the technology as part of its homeland defense strategy?
Radio frequency identification is a supply chain and identification technology. It is being used, and has been, in the U.S. military supply chain for more than a decade. Back in 2005, commanders on the ground in the Iraqi city of Fallujah could view the locations of trucks carrying supplies and thus know what was in those vehicles, thanks to RFID (see RFID Aided Marines in Iraq). The technology has been a critical component in the U.S. Department of Defense’s supply chain operation ever since.
RFID is also being used in homeland security. Every new U.S. passport carries an RFID transponder that contains biometric data on that passport holder. This allows U.S. Customers and Border Protection employees to compare the stored image of an individual with the person standing in front of them, and thus confirm that his or her passport has not been forged. RFID is also used to identify trusted travelers who frequently travel between the United States and Mexico or Canada.
—Mark Roberti, Founder and Editor, RFID Journal
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