If so, could this be accomplished via a satellite?
The short answer is "no." The RFID transponders in passports are high-frequency (HF) tags, which have a read range of only about 3 feet. Moreover, the air-interface protocol standard—the rules that govern communication between a tag and a reader—require that the read range be restricted to a few inches. Most countries, including the United States, use a foil liner in the passport's cover to prevent the tags from being read when the passport is not open. There is no way for a transponder without a battery to communicate with a satellite.
—Mark Roberti, Founder and Editor, RFID Journal