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Reporting for Duty

Manufacturers and retailers are using reporting and analytics software to capitalize on the newfound visibility that RFID provides.
By Andrew Price
Jun 05, 2007—By Mary Catherine O'Connor

Product promotions can boost sales—if they are executed correctly and on schedule. But often retailers don't receive promotional display materials on time, or the displays sit in the back of stores when manufacturers are advertising the promotional products. Now RFID reporting and analytics software from Infosys, OATSystems, TrueDemand, TR3 Solutions and T3Ci can help retailers and suppliers improve product promotions, as well as reduce out-of-stocks and forecast sales. The software can also monitor the transit times of RFID-tagged goods from manufacturers' facilities to RFID-enabled distribution centers and retail stores.

Until recently, it's been difficult for manufacturers that are RFID-tagging pallets and cases for retail customers to get any real business benefits from RFID data. Initially, retailers supplied raw data—the date and time Electronic Product Codes were read—through their extranets. Manufacturers had to download the data, usually into an Excel spreadsheet, and try to make sense of it. But it wasn't always clear where or in what business process the tags were read, and the volume of data became overwhelming as the number of RFID-enabled stores increased.

Reporting and analytics software can help manufacturers and retailers capitalize on RFID's newfound visibility.

In 2005, EPCglobal's Data-Exchange Working Group came up with a standardized way to share data. XML software codes would be attached to EPC data, indicating where and when a tag was read, at which store or DC, what business step was involved and more. That enabled software companies to develop applications end users could use to interpret the data—for example, a pallet was shipped from DC 1 to store 35, or a case was moved from the back of store 35 to the sales floor.

The offerings from the five software companies all use proprietary algorithms to analyze RFID data and generate reports that provide visibility into the movement of tagged goods through the supply chain. The data includes the tag reads and timestamps, as well as current and past sales statistics on products from enterprise resource planning and point-of-sale programs. To access data on the flow of tagged products from the manufacturers' facilities to DCs and stores, the software companies have developed interfaces into the EPC Information Service (EPCIS), a set of protocols that lets partners easily exchange data regarding the movement of EPC-tagged goods.

The reporting and analytics software promises benefits for both manufacturers and retailers. Kimberly-Clark, for example, worked with OATSystems to track the movements of promotional displays of its Depends and Poise incontinence products at RFID-enabled Wal-Mart stores. As a result, K-C improved execution of in-store promotions by more than 20 percent (see Kimberly-Clark Gets an Early Win). Procter & Gamble is working with OATSystems and T3Ci. In one pilot, reporting and analytics software helped P&G with the successful launch of its Fusion razor, ensuring the product was on shelves in 400 stores 11 days faster than it typically takes for product launches.

Retailers could use the reporting software to analyze current inventory levels of RFID-tagged product, expected demand for these items during a busy shopping period and unexpected transportation problems that could prevent the timely delivery of these goods. Armed with this information, retailers could take proactive measures to prevent those items from going out of stock.
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